Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders which affects people of all ages. The term Epilepsy technically means “seizure disorder”, this means that the people affected with epilepsy have regular seizures. The bad part about these seizures is that they are unpredictable. A seizure can be defined as a period when the brain cells or neurons in the brain become active at the same time when they should not be active. This causes random states of epileptic seizures in patients.
Causes And Types Of Epilepsy
There are various kinds of epilepsy that can occur in humans. Along with the different kinds of epilepsies, there are different kinds of symptoms that come with it too. Most of the kinds of epilepsy are named according to the region of the brain they have an effect on. Some kinds of epilepsies can be diagnosed at an early age while others begin with adulthood or old age. Here are some of the most common forms of epilepsy:-
Absence epilepsy regularly is innate, and for the most part dependably start in youth Different segments of the cerebrum or puberty. They likewise for the most part stop when the subject hits adolescence. Nonattendance epilepsy doesn’t directly affect the mind capacities or knowledge of the person. The awful part about absence seizures is that they meddle with school and learning since they can occur so every now and again amid the day. Absence seizures cause a transient loss of awareness and regularly last under 30 seconds. The issue with these seizures is that they can be unnoticed by individuals since they are so short and the individual that is experiencing there just is by all accounts gazing into space.
Frontal lobe epilepsy influences the frontal lobe of the mind and it is straightforwardly behind Brain waves in the temple. The frontal lobe is the biggest of the five lobes in the cerebrum, it controls the identity, and higher manner of thinking, this incorporates dialect and discourse. Frontal lobe epilepsy cause short seizures that begin and stop rapidly. The issue with Frontal lobe epilepsy is that it very well may be analyzed as something other than what’s expected when it is first taken note. They seizures that originate from this sort of epilepsy can look like other mental issues and without appropriate testing could be analyzed as that. The seizures that occur can be sensorimotor tics, or different issues managing engine abilities. Also, regularly with these tics, diverse adjustments of awareness. Giggling or crying in uncommon cases can likewise happen amid a frontal lobe seizure. These seizures can likewise venture out to different parts of the mind influencing the seizures to do diverse things relying upon where it has gone to in the cerebrum.
Occipital lobe epilepsy includes the Occipital lobe, it lies at the back of the head. Occipital lobe epilepsy is like frontal and temporal lobe epilepsy, yet the main contrast is that the seizures more often than not are identified with the eyes. Frequently seizures start with mind flights, fast squinting, and different side effects with the eyes.
Parietal lobe epilepsy influences the Parietal lobe which lies between the frontal and temporal lobes. Parietal epilepsy is like those two sorts of epilepsy on the grounds that the seizures can spread to different parts of the cerebrum, influencing the seizures to do have diverse results relying upon what part it goes to.
The diverse side effects of this could be a sinking feeling in your stomach, or a feeling of history repeating itself, or can likewise take a type of a sound-related mind flight. Like a melody you’ve heard or a jingle. Temporal lobe epilepsy whenever left untreated can harm the hippocampus, or, in other words of the mind that helps your memory, and learning. The harm is little and moderate yet it is still great to get epilepsy checked as soon as possible before it gets too late.
How To Control Epilepsy?
Diet And Nutrition
Diet and nutrition play an important role in seizure control. Eating too many sweets can cause seizures, especially if a seizure patient eats a sweet item right before a meal or in place of a meal. Eating a regular meal is a basic step in seizure prevention. In addition, a seizure patient should eat as soon as possible after he becomes hungry. Going an extended amount of time on an empty stomach increases the likelihood of having a seizure.
A seizure patient should not consume any alcoholic beverages. In some case, even foods that are cooked with alcohol can trigger a seizure.
Establish a schedule for taking your seizure medication and stick to it. Allowing a one-hour time frame of when a given dose of medication should be taken is a good rule to follow. For example, you may decide to always take your seizure medication between 7:00 a.m. and 8:00 a.m., and then again between 3:00 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. For some patients, taking their medication at a specific hour may be more crucial. Being consistent in taking your seizure medication on a regular basis will decrease seizure frequency.
Women with epilepsy who have an increase of seizures while on their menstrual cycle should talk to their neurologist about increasing their dosage of medication during their period.
Get plenty of sleep each night. Staying up late or not getting enough sleep can increase seizure activity and can also intensify seizures.
Seizure patients should take extra precautions to prevent seizures when they plan on being more physically active. Adequate rest and nourishment prior to sporting activities or highly strenuous activities can help prevent seizures. Frequent rest times are also encouraged during activities that require lots of physical work. (i.e. basketball, baseball, jogging, or strenuous yard work)
For better seizure control, a seizure patient must have a balance in his life. There needs to be a balance of sleep, physical activities, social activities, and quiet time. Too much excitement, continuous laughing, or stress can trigger a seizure
Can Epilepsy Be Controlled By Nootropics?
Certain nootropics have been known to control epileptic seizures in patients. They are used to mainly control electroshock induced seizures in patients and generally don’t have any effect on chemically induced seizures. Some of the nootropics used to treat epileptic disorders are:-
Piracetam is a widely used nootropic which is used to treat many diseases like Alzheimer’s, Dementia, Memory Dysfunction, etc. It has also shown to be beneficial towards people with epilepsy. In a study conducted by researchers, it was found that piracetam had a positive influence on cognitive measures for epileptic patients. Along with that, it also proved to improve the action of antiepileptic drugs like carbamazepine.
Nefiracetam is a nootropic drug which is from the racetam family similar to Piracetam. Preliminary research suggests that it may possess some antidementia properties which are found in rats. According to a research conducted in 2005, Nefiracetam helped to reduce electroshock‐induced seizures at nontoxic doses in patients. However, it didn’t have any effect on chemically induced seizures.
These were some of the Nootropics which can be used to control symptoms of epilepsy. Always consult your doctor before consuming any nootropic drug for treatment of epilepsy.